Which is better for my 100 gallon aquarium? Canister Filter VS Sump filter

Unlike the other types of filters, both Canister and Sump are designed to handle large aquarium. They can be considered as the best 100 gallon aquarium filter. It can be a tough decision to weigh the options between a canister filter vs a sump.

Each of them has its own advantages and disadvantage. The choice mainly depends on your personally preference. Would one be better for you over the other? Keep reading our article.

#1 Operation

Canister filter suck water up through a lift tube and into a canister where it is then forced through various filter medias to clean the dirty water. It is offer chemical, mechanical, and biological filtration. Once the water has been filtered through the canister, it will back into the tank.

A sump, on the other hands, require you to build a sump or purchase on sump setups. You also have to install a circulation pump inside of the sump. Water is then pumped from the sump and into the aquarium and then back into the sump. Generally speaking, installation a sump may not be as easy for beginners.

#2 Aesthetic

this is the advantage of sump as it may seem like a complex setup but with a sump, you can use a sump box as a place to store all the stuff that normally mess up the walls and bottom of your tank such as heater, thermometer, pipes, wires, and more. You do not need to worry that these things will take lots of space inside the tank.

On the other side, Canister filter usually come with a large body that invisible inside or outside the tank.

#3 Maintenance

Canister filter usually require less effort to maintain than a sump one. This is because the water is being forced through the media as opposed to flowing over or around the media. They are also return the water back to the tank by a spray bar and reduce evaporation and current.

#4 Effectiveness

While these two filters are both high appreciated about their filtration ability for 100 gallon tank. But there is the plus point for sumps is that Sumps also keep the surface of the water free of contaminates while canister filters may not keep the surface clean. Furthermore, the sumps also relatively quiet operate, canisters can be a little louder.

How To Choose The Best Painters Tape?

House painting is one of the common jobs for you to renew your living space. And a box of paint is also an integral part of your craft.

For this paint job, if you do not have much experience, it is likely to cause unnecessary confusion. So a painters tape is necessary to support you.

The best painters tape helps you to prevent unnecessary clutter occurring in places that do not need paint. Surely you do not want the surrounding areas or objects to be painted.

There are many types of tape artists on the market today and you may have a hard time picking the best one. Before that, consider some of the following factors:

#1 Adhesion

Certainly adhesion is the first factor that you should consider before buying a painters tape product. Adhesion determines the performance of the product as well as the productivity it brings.

If a product does not have good adhesion, you will surely take a lot of effort to adjust it. This is an unnecessary waste of time and effort.

So make sure the tape painters you choose have good adhesion to the surface you are working with.

#2 Drying time

You need to know the time it takes to dry tape painters to be able to choose a product that suits your project. Each product will have a different drying time and this factor can affect the progress of the project.

You should also check the time that tape painters can remove. This timeline may be a part of your judgment.

#3 Endurance

Each painters tape has its own characteristics so that not all products are the same. Some may endure extreme weather conditions, and some may not.

A tape painters can survive in the harsh sun or in the rain is a must-have product for your outdoor project.

A waterproof painters tape is also a good product for your home painting process.

Which apples are best for juicing?

If you are concerned about health, you will certainly know about the importance of including fresh fruit and veggies in daily diet. Drinking juice is a very easy and quick way for your body to absorption of nutrients even when you do not like fruit and veggies.

Apple is one of the most popular fruit due to the benefits that it brings. With a large amount of insoluble fiber from apple juice, your body can consume a lot of nutrients in a short time. Not all people know about the benefits that apple juice can give us.

#1 Which apples are best for juicing?

There are actually over 7000 more varieties of apples around the world. Choosing apple for juicing depends on your personal preference.

For example, if you just want to drink apple juice, you can pick some different types of apple to enjoy a complex flavor. If you prefer to mix apple with vegetable juice, you should choose a sweeter red apple and you can use less sugar. If your favorite is juicing a variety of fruits, you can use a tart apple to offset the sweetness of other fruits.

Some famous apples for juicing that you should know are Red Delicious, Fuji Apple, Gala Apple, Granny Smith, Honeycrisp,…

#2 What are impressive health benefits of juicing apples?

#1 Apples juice good for your heart

According to study, apples are a valuable source of cholesterol levels lowering soluble fiber. They also contain antioxidants, polyphenol and flavonoids which cause lower blood pressure. Eating an apple per day may lower risk of stroke as well.

#2 Prevent cancer

There is a closely related between plant compounds in apple juice and a lower risk of cancer. Apple juice is the best protective that helps your body destroy tumors and cancer, especially lung cancer. Some compounds that contain in apples such as antioxidants and anti-inflammatory are believed to effective in preventing the development of cancer.

How Long Can You Keep Cooked Food In The Fridge?

Many people have a habit of putting up uneaten food and unused food in the refrigerator, when they need to take it out immediately. In fact, this can be a mistake that makes you sick because each type has a different lifespan.

Low temperatures slow the growth of bacteria but only can last for a certain period of time. The cooling compartment temperature of 4 degrees Celsius or lower is considered safe, minimizing the risk of bacteria infecting poisoning.

According to nutrition experts, the basic principle when preserving cooked food in the refrigerator is only 1-2 days. However, depending on the characteristics of each type of food we store it in different ways with appropriate time.

best commercial food storage containers

If salted, sugar, or vinegar foods are stored in a sealed jar and stored in a refrigerator below 4 degrees Celsius, it will last for a long time.

If food is sealed and stored in the freezer (below minus 18 degrees Celsius or 0 degrees Fahrenheit), it may take longer. However, when thawing a certain food, it should not be frozen again, because during defrosting, bacteria have developed and affected food quality.

Therefore, it is advisable to divide food into small portions before freezing to avoid thawing and freezing it back to the same food.

In addition to the above two cases, most of the food, whether fresh or cooked, should not be left in the refrigerator (below 4 degrees C) for too long.

Using a refrigerator to store food is very convenient. If you are busy and want to prepare a variety of food and want to store cooked food in the refrigerator. First of all, collect and make long-term stored food without affecting the taste or metamorphosis first. Because not everyone knows how long can you keep cooked food in the fridge.

The dishes can be last long when cooked:

#1 Boiled eggs:

How long should boiled eggs be stored in a refrigerator? Good news for those who are “lazy to cook” and love boiled eggs. Because cooked boiled eggs but not peeled can be last in the refrigerator for 2-3 weeks. You just need to boil it thoroughly, drain it so it safe to store it in the fridge.

#2 Cooked meat:

How long can the cooked meat store in the fridge? If you like dishes such as frozen pork leg, chicken soup, frozen chicken, beef soup, etc. and want to cook them first and store them in the refrigerator, this is great for you. Because frozen dishes are considered to be the longest time that a cooked dish can last in the fridge. You can comfortably preserve 8-10 days even more if you store it in an airtight container.

#3 Cooked fish:

How long will the cooked fish go bad when store in the fridge? Cooked fish dishes can last about 1-2 days for dried fish. With fresh fish, you should eat right away to avoid the fishy smell to the refrigerator and other foods.

#4 Fast food:

How long can spring rolls, sausage, smoked meat, bacon last in a refrigerator? If you have opened the package and used it but still have excess, these processed foods are usually safe for 4-6 days.

Cheeses, butter, bread, pastries, white porridge if opened and used, you should only leave 1-2 days in the fridge. Although these products may not go bad, odorless, but it does not guarantee quality and taste anymore. You can also base on the expiry date or the instruction manual on the package to see how specific it is to keep this food safe in the refrigerator.

How to Choose Slide Toasters That End All Slide Toaster

Who doesn’t love the perfect crisp and brown toast in the morning? Those crisp yet soft toasts really make breakfast worth waiting for, doesn’t it?

However, buying a toaster may seem easy at first, but when you actually want to buy one, it could get a lot trickier than expected. So many people buy the wrong ones and then end with a bad toast.

So, if you are looking for the best slice toaster but can’t figure out how to choose, then we are here to help. Today, we will be talking all about toasters. So, are you looking for the two-piece toaster or are you looking for the 4 slices toaster? in this post, I will help you to choose the best commercial toaster.

Let’s take a look, shall we?

What Is The Better Solution?

Slide Toasters

Broken toasters might be the main reason why you are looking for a new one. However, the most prominent reason would be if you are not satisfied with the current one. Uneven toasting or too much burning can be other causes too.

If you have a toaster oven, it could handle some of the stuff then a regular full sized over. However, it would be much easier to go with a two-slot toaster as it would save you money and space.

Four-slot toasters can be another excellent option for a big family. They can provide better support at a time instead of two-slots. With this much capacity, you’ll be able to able to make more toasts in the morning. This is something you should keep in mind.

If you have a budget for a four-slot toaster, then you should definitely go for that. They are always the better option. Added flexibility is always welcomed everywhere. Moreover, most of them come with two separate settings so you can control the amount of toasting for every two slots.

How to Pick the Perfect Slice Toaster

Toasters didn’t revolutionize that much over the last decade. However, you will see some advanced settings for frozen slices of bread or bagels. This is simply because the toasters need to do one thing correctly –toast bread evenly.

Every batch should be the same without any serious changes or making it too difficult to use in the first place. But before you spend your money on them, you should consider some features. It won’t be the best slice toaster unless it can satisfy all your needs at once.

Take a look at the following and get yourself the perfect one!

  • The Size:

It would depend on how much free space you have in your kitchen or whether you have a big family or not. You will get toasters with two to six slots for your benefit. If you have a small family go for the smaller one or else big ones should be your call.

  • Burn Control:

This is the most important part when you are shopping for a new slice toaster. Every slot comes with elements fitted beside them to brown the bread. However, if they are too far from one another, you would get an uneven crisp. So, while checking out the toaster, take a look inside to make sure everything is in place.

  • Power Required:

Usually, the more juice your toaster has, the better it will be. However, this also depends highly on the type of bread. You can go for 1200W for a two-slot toaster and 1800W for a four-slot. These two are the excellent rating for enhanced output.

  • Energy:

It’s all about saving energy. You have to check whether all the slots heat up at a time. If you are toasting only one slice, and other slots heat up every time you do that, it will cost you additional electricity bill. Having the control over the slots would be much more energy efficient.

  • Extra Mile:

You would obviously want your toaster to have a longer life. However, it depends on the elements quality and how often you clean your toaster. A high-quality toaster would be little more on the pricing side.

Some companies come with a warranty or offer servicing facilities. You can also clean up the crumb tray regularly to make it last even longer.

Extra Features worth Looking Into

Extra features are always a plus side of a slice toaster. They add more flexibility to the whole equation.

  • Defrosting: It’s best for those who keep their bread in the freezer. This feature will defrost the bread first and then toast it.
  • Reheating: Sometimes you might not be able to eat the toast right after it’s done. Cold toasts, on the other hand, doesn’t taste that much good. So, toasters offer reheating option without burring the bread. It will warm up the toast on a minute cycle.
  • Crumb Tray: These are necessary. Crump trays capture all the crumbs of the bread, and then you can pull it out separately to clean it.
  • Higher Lift: Some toasters have extra lift settings to help you remove the toasts without burning yourself.
  • Cancel: You can use this feature to stop toasting within a cycle.
  • Toast Bagel: This setting will let you toast the bagel.
  • Pause: This one is absolutely great. With this, you will able to pause the toasting session and then pop it up to check it and then start it again.

Slice toasters can really make your life much more comfortable, especially in the morning. Can’t imagine a breakfast without toasts, can we? We are pretty sure this buying guide will help you out. Get the perfect one and enjoy a toasty breakfast from now on!

See some of your breakfast support tools here

The Propane Heaters That You May Want to Keep For Yourself

What’s nice about having the best propane heaters is that it can be used either indoors or outdoors. With its portability, you can do so much. It is a perfect option if you need to make use of a heater and there is no electrical source nearby.

What are some of the uses of space heaters?

propane heater

During cold nights when you just want to enjoy your time outside but you just can bear the temperature, having a propane heater will definitely come in handy.

Working in your little garage during the winter season will literally send chills down your spine. What you can do (if there if your house heater does not extend to the garage) is to purchase a small propane heater so you can fuss around inside your workshop whenever you please.

These are just a few usual examples, but having a propane heater is going to come in handy during cold seasons.

In your search for a good propane heater in the market, this buying guide is your best friend.

Five factors to consider when purchasing a propane heater

  1. The location of where you will place the heater.

If you have the desired location for your propane heater, you will get an idea just what you should get. For example, an outdoor propane heater is a good choice for the patio because it can release a sufficient amount of heat and direct it in a certain direction. Most times, you might need a ventilation to remove toxic substances in the air while heating up the area.

  1. Ignition is the key.

This one is dependent on your preference. There are those requiring manual ignition, where you might have to ignite the fuel yourself. But, there are available units that have integrated ignition. Just by turning on the heater, the fuel gets ignited automatically. The latter is always preferred for its ease of you. However, the mechanism will eventually wear out. Then, you will need to do manual ignition anyway.

  1. The budget will determine your price range.

Set a limit when purchasing any item. Actually, you should do this on all your purchases anyway. To be honest, most of the propane heaters in the market do not come cheap. There are reasonably priced ones, but if you try to go steep, the performance might get compromised. Also, you will need to check the prices of fuel. Factor that in, including the amount of fuel you might need to use for the heater.

  1. Accessibility and portability are necessary.

The whole point most people are on the lookout for the good propane heater is to have a heater that they can move around. The fact that you can place it in the middle of the room without thinking about cords and sockets is also a big sigh of relief. Make sure that you get one that you can easily lift, say when you are going up and down the stairs. Check also its features. It is best to get one that has a handle or wheels for more ease of movement.

  1. Last and never the least on the list is the safety features.

Let us be realistic here, propane heaters can be dangerous. Propane is flammable, after all. If it is stored in the heater, then it will not be considered dangerous. However, you will never know if the heater will malfunction. You should select a heater that has safety features, such as an anti-tip-over switch that will switch off the heater if it gets toppled over. Another considerable feature would be an overheat protection that comes with a thermostat. If the heater becomes too hot, it will automatically shut down. Ventilation, as mentioned earlier, is also important. Check if the one that comes with propane is intended for indoor use or outdoor use.

Maintenance and servicing of propane heaters

Yes, this should be done regularly. By servicing your heater, you can relax and stop worrying about it affecting your home.

When maintaining the heater, make sure that is turned off. Get a vacuum cleaner and remove the dust that has accumulated outside of the heater and those in the heater grilles. If the dust is hard to remove, use a paintbrush to loosen it up.

Do not forget to tighten the grilles, if you must. When cleaning the inside of the heater, remove the screws first and remove the cover panel. With a cloth partially drenched with warm water, clean the cover. Vacuum the insides of the compartment.

It is important to check the safety protocols constantly and regularly observe your heaters. Read safety information and how to properly use your product. Because even if it is one of the best propane heaters available, it will not be enough with improper use.

Types of Hydroponic Usually Systems Found in Modern Grow Rooms

Deep Water Culture

Deep water culture (DWC) includes the suspension of the plant over a nutrient solution in which the root system is totally submerged. We as a whole know the dangers of overwatering, so how do plants in this set up not die? Since overwatering denies the root arrangement of oxygen, the nutrient solution in a Deep Water Culture framework is circulated through with oxygen bubbles that stream upward from the base of the reservoir. This gives all the oxygen the root system requires.

Ebb and Flow

Ebb and flow hydroponic frameworks include the utilization of a reservoir system and a tray. The reservoir system holds water and your nutrient solution. Above it rests what is known as a “flow table.” Connecting the reservoir and the flood table are two tubes. One tube is connected to a pump in the reservoir that keeps a relentless stream of water pushing through the tray while the other tube is connected to an overflow, which conveys the nutrient solution once more into the reservoir.

Nutrient Film Technique

One of the more perplexing hydroponic plans is known as nutrient film technique (NFT). This additionally includes the utilization of a pump framework and a reservoir. The plants are arranged in net pots that enable the root system to drop down, and these pots are adjusted consecutively down the center of a channel. The channel looks like an empty tube with a level base and openings in the top for the plants. The nutrient solution is pumped up from the reservoir to the highest point of the channel. The channel must be situated at an edge to enable the water flows over the lower tips of the roots and once more into the reservoir.

Wick System

Wick systems work in precisely the manner in which you think they do. A pot is connected to a reservoir by an expansive wick that douses up the nutrient solution and conveys it to the root framework. As the root framework retains the nutrients, more is pulled up from the reservoir below. The best media to use in a wick framework are perlite or cocoa coir, as they have an impressive level of water retention and absorption. In any case, wick systems are more essential than other kinds of hydroponic systems and they have their disadvantages.


One of the advanced developed systems of hydroponics is called aeroponics. Much as NFT, the aeroponics uses a net pot and hanging root system. The roots hang over the nutrient solution reservoir, yet the roots tips and root are not submerged. Rather, the nutrient solution is conveyed by the method of a misting system and pump. These convey exact measures of nutrients and water at preset times to guarantee maximum absorption.

Drip System

A drip system is another further developed hydroponic framework. It has a reservoir system that uses an air pump to keep the reservoir solution moving and a supplement pump that sends the solution straight to the plants. For this situation, the root system isn’t uncovered. The plants are situated in your standard hydroponic medium such as vermiculite or coco coir.

When the water leaves the reservoir as a result of the pump, it is passed on to the plants through hoses over the top layer of medium. The water actually drips from the hoses onto the medium and is controlled by a timer to go off and turn on at the preset times. Set up is actually a big deal, so they ought to presumably be saved for further developed hydroponic plant specialists.

Protection of Ships Hulls against Fouling

The English expression fouling – the overgrowth of the hull – can be characterized as the unwanted gathering of animals, algae, plants or microorganisms on the wetted surfaces of the vessel’s hull. The most widely recognized are:

  1. Molluscs
  2. Barnacles
  3. Seaweed

The checking of fouling on the structure offers, at the end of the day, an answer for the issue of the adhesion of marine organisms to the vessel’s hull that occurs through the accompanying stages:

  1. The first phase of the bio fouling process begins when the vessel has been submerged in seawater. Its surface promptly starts to amass adsorbed natural compounds as well as proteins, fragments of proteins the molecules of a polysaccharide.
  2. The second phase of fouling is the development of an organic microorganism layer as the microscopic organisms presently have the ideal conditions in which to multiply (micro fouling)
  3. The harshness of the microorganism settlements draws in much bigger organisms, for example, mussels, marine fungi and algae which show the third phase of fouling.
  4. In the fourth and the final phase of fouling (macro fouling) colonizers mainly comprising of bigger marine invertebrates (seaweed, sea moss, molluscs).

Fouling is represented by several components such as temperature levels, nutrient levels, sea currents, intensity and salinity of solar radiation. Most in danger are vessels cruising in sub-tropical and tropical areas.

For what reason do we require anti-fouling coatings?

The fouling of the vessel is the primary purpose behind the expansion in the roughness of the piece of the vessel beneath water level, hence the increase in hull frictional resistance as it travels through water. As a result, the vessel speed decreases and fuel consumption increases. The slime (bio film – slit) on the submerged area of the vessel is the reason for an increase in the vessel drag of roughly 2%. Mussels increase the vessel’s drag by 10% and mussels by up to 40% and seaweed by up to 10%. Increase in drag will specifically affect fuel utilization and altogether increased harmful gas discharges.

BIOCIDE COATINGS work on the guideline of biocide discharging. The fundamental biocide compound is copper (Cu SCN and Cu2O) which has ended up being more effective against bio fouling by animal organisms and less against fouling by plant organisms. The antifouling covering fundamentally comprises of a fast degradable biocide agent accelerator and a biocide agent. The most vital highlights of the antifouling coating are that it is human and environmentally friendly, its moderate price and low solubility in sea water. The antifouling coatings innovation can be grouped into:

  1. Hybrid Technology SPC/CDP Coatings
  2. Natural Rosin-based Coatings
  3. Controlled Depletion Polymer Coatings, (CDP)
  4. Contact Leaching Antifouling Coatings
  5. Self-cleaning Copolymer Coatings, (SPC)


Copper-based coatings are today still allowed but the likelihood exists that specific marine organisms are being harmed through them. Hence the improvement of coatings is moving toward finding BIOLOGICAL PAINTS which incapacitate vessel fouling to specific microorganisms and also ELECTROCONDUCTIVE PAINTS, which, with the assistance of hydrolysis of seawater and the reaction with CI-ions forms the CIO ions, forming a thin layer. In this way, the covering ought to always stay smooth. The drawback here is that so far, it has demonstrated just substantial in research center conditions. In the marina, this can be an issue as a result of the galvanic impact on nearby vessels or as a result of the leverage impact of a few vessels with the electric underwater protection.